Pakistan is a country located in South Asia, bordered by India to the east, Afghanistan and Iran to the west, and China to the north. It is the fifth most populous country in the world and the second largest Muslim-majority country. The country is divided into four provinces and territories, and the capital city is Islamabad.
Pakistan has a rich cultural heritage, with influences from the ancient Indus Valley Civilization and the historic Mughal Empire. The country has a diverse mix of languages, including Urdu, Punjabi, Sindhi, and Pashto, and the majority of its population follows Islam.
Pakistan has a mixed economy, with agriculture, manufacturing, and services sectors playing important roles. The country is known for its production of cotton, wheat, and fruits, as well as its minerals, including coal, iron ore, and natural gas.
Pakistan has a complex political history, marked by periods of military rule, political instability, and conflict with neighboring India. Despite these challenges, Pakistan has made progress in recent years, with improvements in education, healthcare, and human rights.
Pakistan is also home to a rich natural landscape, ranging from the Himalayan mountains in the north to the Arabian Sea in the south. The country is a popular tourist destination, known for its historic sites, cultural heritage, and natural beauty, including the Himalayan mountain ranges, the Karakoram Highway, and the ancient ruins of Mohenjo Daro and Harappa.